How to Refinance Medical School Debt: Tips and Tools for Busy Physicians
You would think refinancing medical school debt would be a straightforward task, wouldn’t you? You get a monthly statement, you make a payment, and slowly but surely you chip away at the balance.
Except it feels as if you aren’t moving the needle on your loan balance at all. When you look at your statement each month, the number has barely changed. Then when you try to research your options, you are inundated with a million different messages. There has to be a better way to do this, right?
It may be time to consider refinancing your medical school loans so you can make a difference with these monthly payments and simplify your finances. But before you go down this path, let’s make sure it’s the right choice for your situation. If it is, then we have a few tips and tools for you to get the most out of refinancing.
Refinance is a popular term used whenever a discussion of student loans comes up. But what exactly is it? In simple terms, refinancing is where you replace a current debt (such as a student loan) with a new note, under new terms and conditions.
When you refinance a loan, you typically do so because you have a goal in mind. Your goal could be to replace the loan with one with a lower interest rate. A lower interest rate results in paying less over the life of the loan and could potentially allow you to pay off the loan sooner. Or your goal could be to obtain a fixed rate, versus a variable rate. Perhaps you don’t like the uncertainty of knowing exactly what your monthly payment will be.
Another goal could be to get a lower monthly payment. Maybe you’re having an issue making monthly payments and if you had a reduction then it would help add wiggle room into your budget. The downside to a lower monthly payment means it will take you longer to pay your note off.
If you have multiple loans – which is common when dealing with medical school debt – you could choose to refinance some (or all) of the loans into one loan. Not only could this save money with a lower interest rate, but you will also have the convenience of one monthly payment.
It’s important to understand your goal before you can make any decisions. After you’ve established your goal, you can move on to evaluate whether you should consolidate or refinance your medical school debt.
When talking about student loans to remember refinancing is different than loan consolidation. Often times when you research student loans, you will see consolidation and refinancing used somewhat interchangeably. But these are actually two very different terms when it comes to medical school debt.
Consolidation Versus Refinancing
When it comes to determining if you should refinance medical school debt, the second thing you need to do (after establishing your goal) is to determine which type of loans you are carrying. Student loans will fall into one of two categories: federal or private. Federal loans are the loans where the Department of Education is the lender. There are several different types of federal loans, some with subsidized interest rates, others with unsubsidized. There are multiple options for federal loans and it’s likely you took out several different ones as you went from undergraduate to medical school.
Private loans are the loans where a bank or credit union is the lender. These are subject to the terms and conditions set forth by the bank, and usually, a credit score is the determining factor with this type of loan.
This is where refinancing versus consolidation become two distinct options for your medical school debt. Consolidation generally refers to the program offered for federal loans only, which is known as a Direct Consolidation Loan. The Direct Consolidation Loan allows you to consolidate all of your eligible federal student loans into one payment. The interest rate will be the weighted average of the interest rate of all the loans, rounded up to the nearest one-eighth percent. As a result, your interest rate may or not be a great deal lower than it was previously.
A Direct Consolidation Loan offers federal student loan holders two advantages. The first is a singular monthly payment, instead of having to worry about making multiple different payments. The second is if you are working towards loan forgiveness through PSLF, then a Direct Consolidated Loan will qualify and count towards loan forgiveness.
If you want to refinance medical school debt however, a refinance can involve either federal loans or private loans. The Department of Education is not involved in the process of refinancing federal loans but you will find plenty of banks and credit unions offering refinance options.
Refinancing can have numerous benefits. The lower interest rate from refinancing can save you thousands over the course of repayment and allow you to pay your debt off sooner. Or your monthly payment can finally get to a manageable amount so you can budget as efficiently as possible. But before you refinance your loans, you have to review each of your loans to determine if it makes sense to refinance. This is true whether your loans are federal or private, or a mixture of both.
You will need to evaluate whether or not you want to refinance your federal student loans. Currently, the interest rates for federal loans are ranging from 5-7%, depending on which exact loan you have. If you have a decent credit score and meet the income requirements, then you could potentially qualify for a much lower interest rate with a refinance.
The downside to refinancing your federal loans is the loans will no longer be eligible for an income-driven repayment plan or loan forgiveness through the PSLF program. You may decide these consequences are suitable for your situation though. If you are trying to pay off your federal loans sooner or choose not to work in a public setting, then a refinance could be a good option for you.
As far as private loans are concerned, it could make sense to refinance them if you can find a lower interest rate (a no-brainer) or if you can move into a fixed interest rate. Since your private loans will never qualify for an income-driven repayment plan or the PSLF, you don’t have to worry about missing out on future benefits.
Can Refinancing My Loans Really Make a Difference?
Let’s talk about how much money you could potentially save by refinancing. We know the average medical school debt in 2018 is now up to around $194,000. We also know this average is most likely a mixture of federal and private loans. Let’s assume the average interest rate of your loans is 6% and you have a 10-year payment term (the standard for standard repayment plans).
If you refinanced the $194,000 into one loan, with a new fixed rate of 3.89% for 10 years, you would save around $24,00 in interest over 10 years. Now granted, these are only averages but the potential to save is there. One of the best ways to see your potential savings is to use a refinance calculator for your loans.
When to Refinance Medical School Loans
Believe it or not, choosing when to refinance your medical school loans is as important as choosing the right loan to refinance into. The question of when to refinance – either during residency or after – isn’t always straightforward.
Choosing to refinance your federal medical school loans during residency could end up costing you more in the long run and here’s why. As mentioned earlier, if you have federal loans and are working towards forgiveness through the PSLF program, then you cannot refinance your loans and still receive forgiveness. If you are enrolled in an income-driven repayment plan, such as the REPAYE or PAYE, then you will also lose out on the interest subsidies for those repayment plans. You may be convinced you will never work for a public institution, but the truth is you can never be 100% sure.
For private loans, it’s a slightly different story. No doubt at this point in residency you have been flooded with offers from well-known companies to refinance your loans. These companies can try to earn your business by offering you $100 a month payments until you have completed your residency. You will need to run the numbers to determine if it’s the right time to refinance private loans during residency.
Are you still confused about federal and private loan options, which ones qualify for forgiveness and which do not? Are you still wondering if you should wait or refinance while you’re a resident? It’s understandable because these programs can really start to get confusing – especially when dealing with multiple loans. It would be good to mention to you at this time that you may want to consider working with a fee-only financial advisor. These type of financial planners can help guide you towards what makes the most sense, both now and years down the road, based on your current financial goals.
I Want to Refinance my Medical School Debt – Now What?
So you’ve looked at all of your student loans and you know which ones are private and which ones are federal. You should have a good idea of how much you are paying in interest for each loan and how much your monthly payment is. You’ve decided you know exactly which loans you think could benefit from refinancing.
This is great progress! Now, what do you do?
Now it’s time to put pen to paper and start mapping out how much you can save with your loans by starting the comparison shopping.
Steps Needed to Refinance Medical School Debt
You may find it helpful to use a trusted website to help you compare the current rates for a student loan refinance. It makes it easier when you can compare several rates all at once instead of flipping back and forth between sites. And how do you even know you’re getting a quote based on your credit score and income?
One website I personally recommend to anyone looking to refinance is Credible. This site makes it extremely easy to find exactly what you need in order to start the refinance process. I especially love it because you can compare several options without even affecting your credit score.
When you first start the comparisons, it’s going to look very simple. You should see the option for student loan refinancing right away – on the very front page of the website.
You will want to choose the option for student loan refinancing. While you are doing your research with Credible, you will have two options. You can go ahead and enter your information to get personalized interest rates. Or, if you aren’t quite ready, you can input a few general points and Credible can still give you a snapshot of what you could be eligible for.
I highly recommend you go through the basic process of filling out the initial form and provide your information to get the exact quote. You will go through a quick series of prompts so you can compare rates for up to 8 companies. The really good news is your information won’t be shared with the lenders in the beginning. You will be able to get the information you need for research, and then it’s up to you whether or not you choose to move forward.
The Next Steps
After this first step, you’ll receive rates based on your prequalification. At this point, you can be confident the rates you are looking at are based on your credit profile. You can move beyond the estimate now and know exactly what terms you will qualify for.
If you like what you see and decide to move forward, you will need to provide additional information to Credible. You will also need to choose which loans you will want to refinance, and Credible has created a tool to make this as easy as possible. This information will be used to work with the lender to secure your exact rate. Then you sit back and wait! You will receive your final offer for your refinance in as little as one business day.
And how much will this service through Credible cost you? Not a dime. Think of this as doing your homework and shopping around to find the best deal. The same way you would shop multiple stores for the best deal on a big-ticket item, is the same way you should treat selecting a loan for a refinance. Credible makes it incredibly easy for you to do your homework.
Using a website like Credible is perfect for busy physicians. They know you do not have a lot of free time to research multiple websites and figure out how to refinance medical school debt.
Before you sign on the dotted line with your new refinance loan, you should make sure you have a clear understanding of what you are signing. Here is a checklist of items for you to review:
- What is the new interest rate?
- Is it a fixed interest rate or variable interest rate?
- What is the number of years I have to pay back the loan?
- What is the new monthly payment?
- Are there prepayment penalties if I decide to pay the loan off early?
- How much interest will I be paying over the life of the loan?
- How much are the fees to refinance? (Generally, the fees are minimal for refinancing, unlike with a mortgage.)
Knowing this information will ensure you’re making an informed decision and you will know exactly where your money is going each month. This is what we refer to as being intentional with money – when you understand how much you are spending and how it is helping you to achieve a specific goal.
Achieve Your Goal of Paying Off Medical School Debt
Choosing to refinance medical school debt doesn’t have to be a long, drawn-out process. If you do your homework upfront by identifying your loans and use a site such as Credible to compare rates, you’ll be able to make a decision quickly. But it’s not only about saving time with research and comparisons. You want to make an informed decision, knowing you are choosing the plan which makes the most sense for you.
Many of you have a goal of paying off your debt as quickly as possible, and refinancing your loans is a fantastic way to help you achieve this goal.
Would you like to learn even more about student loans and the path to payoff?
Check out the podcast and The Definitive Guide to Medical School Debt for New Doctors and you’ll find all sorts of resources and information to help you on this financial journey during your residency and beyond.